Workflows for Multimedia

Making audio-video content accessible

  1. Choose an accessible media player
    Examples: American Foundation for the Blind Accessible Video Player, OzPlayer
  2. Choose a delivery platform that supports accessibility features (like a website, Learning Management System, etc.)
  3. Caption the video and provide a text transcript
    • Do-it-yourself captions or outsource captions; in either case, captions should be checked for accuracy prior to distributing and timing of captioned information should correspond with the video
    • Text transcripts should contain setting and speaker changes along with any sounds such as dogs barking, horn honking, etc.
  4. Describe the video (only necessary for visible actions in a video that need to be conveyed to someone who is blind or has low vision); usually this is done as an additional version of the original video.
    • Do-it-yourself audio descriptions
    • Outsource audio descriptions

Making audio-only content accessible

  1. Choose an accessible media player
  2. Choose a delivery platform that supports accessibility features
  3. Transcribe the audio
    • Do-it-yourself transcripts
    • Outsource transcript creation

Making video-only content accessible

  1. Choose an accessible media player
  2. Choose a delivery platform that supports accessibility features
  3. Describe the video
    • Do-it-yourself audio descriptions
    • Outsource audio descriptions

Making audio and video for live events accessible

  1. Choose an accessible media player.
  2. Choose a delivery platform that supports accessibility features
  3. Make a plan to provide live captions, transcripts, and descriptions
  4. You may choose to contact a CART services provider and/or arrange for an American Sign Language (ASL) interpreter. (It is important to note that not all deaf and hard of hearing individuals know ASL.)
★

Did you know?

  • In the United States, about 55 million people have a disability (src: 2010 U.S. Census).
  • About 1 in 5 Americans have some kind of disability (src: 2010 U.S. Census).
  • The percentage of people affected by disabilities is growing as our population ages.
  • Two popular, free screen readers are VoiceOver (Mac OS and iOS) and NVDA (Win).
  • Good accessibility practices can improve the search ranking of your website.
  • Form fields without labels can cause problems for some assistive technology users.
  • Low color contrast makes content difficult to see, especially for users with low vision.
  • Documents linked on a website need to be accessible too (e.g., PDF and Word files).
  • Audio content, like podcasts, need transcripts for deaf or hard of hearing users.
  • Online videos should be captioned for deaf or hard of hearing users.
  • Using HTML tags correctly is very important for accessibility.
  • Descriptive link text helps make a website more accessible. Avoid using "Click here" or "Read more."
  • A "screen reader" is an application that reads content aloud to a user.
  • There is no "alt tag" in HTML. "Alt" is an attribute used with the img tag.
  • HTML uses the alt attribute to provide a text description of an image.
  • Alt text should describe an image, if the purpose of the image is to convey information.
  • If an image is a link, the alt text for the image should explain where the link goes.
  • If an image is only being used for decoration, the alt text should be null (i.e., alt="").
  • If a table has headers, using header tags (<th>) will make the table more accessible.
  • An accessible website is one that can be navigated and understood by everyone.